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 Shajinn  15.11.2018  1
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Attitude knowledge sex test

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Attitude knowledge sex test

   15.11.2018  1 Comments
Attitude knowledge sex test

Attitude knowledge sex test

They also demonstrated concurrent validity using two other popular sexual attitudes scales. A discussion ensued between the first and second authors regarding the adequacy of certain terms i. Three questions in the Behavioral Inventory section were worded differently e. Khalaj et al. Collectively, these different strategies should yield preliminary information on the suitability of the SKAT-A for the Iranian culture. The SKAT was first developed using samples of graduate, medical, and nursing students e. The sample moderately endorsed that contraceptives should be made available to youth, a need for sexual education, and disagreement with withholding information from youth as a form of prevention, that sex education stimulates high-risk behavior, and the sample was relatively split evenly regarding the importance of contraceptives and its availability to youth. Results 4. Two-week test-retest reliability was. This entailed determining whether participants had any difficulty with the terminology used in the questionnaire i. A pool of questionnaire items was drawn from a survey of literature, clinical experience, and socially controversial sex topics. Additional types of research using the SKAT are suggested. In addition, when compared to EFA, ESEM provides a statistical means to test model invariance using multiple group comparisons with appropriate parameter constraints. Table 1 shows the results of the ESEM model testing sequence from a 1 to 8-factor model solution. Honarvar et al. Cognitive pretesting took place primarily in the demographically diverse North and East sections of Tehran over a three-week period. Simbar et al. Lief et al. The six factors and their average rotated factor loading included a 5-item factor assessing premarital sexuality e. Individuals who engage in sexual behaviors before marriage face the specter of familial and social stigma. There is a noticeable change in fit statistics at the 7-factor model, marked by a slowing down of the decrement in the BIC. In order to participate in this study click on the link, and reply to the questions. Cognitive pretesting The SKAT-A Farsi was cognitively pretested using a sample of 30 high school and university students 21 university students and 9 high school students. Attitude knowledge sex test



We translated the Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Test-Adolescents from English to Farsi and tested its factorial structure in a sample of youth and youth adults. The Sex Knowledge and Attitude Test SKAT was designed to measure knowledge, attitudes and degree of experience in a variety of sexual behaviors, and to be used as a teaching and research instrument. Notwithstanding, there remain several concerns that need to be addressed. A pool of questionnaire items was drawn from a survey of literature, clinical experience, and socially controversial sex topics. The test was originally designed in by Harold I. Additional types of research using the SKAT are suggested. Focus of the present study The present study addresses these and other gaps in the literature by developing and testing a psychometrically refined measure of sexual attitudes and behavior for use with Iranian samples. Eight of these items assessing sexual education e. Cognitive pretesting took place primarily in the demographically diverse North and East sections of Tehran over a three-week period. The SKAT yields 5 scores: Such information would include aggregate profiles only e. A multivariate analysis showed that alcohol and lack of religious beliefs were both significantly related to favoring premarital sex. Fullard et al. Participants were further informed they could receive information about the study if they provided an email address without linking names to email. This has brought into sharper focus the role of sexual attitudes, values, and behavior particularly in youthful populations Tabatabaie, ; Yazdi, Aschbacher, Arvantaj et al. The overestimation of zero-order relations leads to greater Type I errors rejecting the null that a factor-to-factor correlation is not different from zero. A Category 4 exemption under 45 CFR This procedure resulted in some minor item wording differences between the English and Farsi versions of the questionnaire, which were then reconciled. A discussion ensued between the first and second authors regarding the adequacy of certain terms i. The sample included 17 females and 13 males. Based on a careful review of the item loadings and understanding the cultural sensitivities inherent in the sample regarding sex education, we decided to eliminate these items and rerun the factor analysis with the remaining 32 items. This entailed determining whether participants had any difficulty with the terminology used in the questionnaire i. Greater awareness of the pivotal role of sexual attitudes in sexual activity is required in order to develop effective public health policies targeting transmission of these diseases. With the exception of the information criterion indexes, which are intended to be sample size dependent, the remaining fit indices are independent of sample size, sensitive to model parsimony, and accurately reflect model misspecification Bentler, Access to the Internet or satellite television, use of cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs were all associated with more permissive sexual attitudes. The attitude section consists of 35 5-alternative, Likert-type items; responses to the items result in scores on 4 attitude scales: The authors suggest that various changes in the context of family and liberalizing of sexual relations in Iran are fomenting a cultural shift toward permissiveness and sexual exploration. Lief et al. Items were either multiple-choice or true-false.

Attitude knowledge sex test



Results of ESEM analyses We began the factor analysis procedure with the full set of 40 attitudinal items. After clicking on the URL link the participant would see a screen that informed them there was no need to input any personal information. Biographical information and sexual experience sections of the SKAT are not scored. Focus of the present study The present study addresses these and other gaps in the literature by developing and testing a psychometrically refined measure of sexual attitudes and behavior for use with Iranian samples. Individuals who engage in sexual behaviors before marriage face the specter of familial and social stigma. A multivariate analysis showed that alcohol and lack of religious beliefs were both significantly related to favoring premarital sex. Two-week test-retest reliability was. Mohammad et al. Third, the nature of sampling varied considerably between studies, with some studies examining sexual attitudes and behavior in females only Khalaj et al. Mohammadi et al. In addition, when compared to EFA, ESEM provides a statistical means to test model invariance using multiple group comparisons with appropriate parameter constraints. Such information would include aggregate profiles only e. A number of variables are measured through scales. The Sex Knowledge and Attitude Test SKAT was designed to measure knowledge, attitudes and degree of experience in a variety of sexual behaviors, and to be used as a teaching and research instrument. The SKAT yields 5 scores: They also demonstrated concurrent validity using two other popular sexual attitudes scales. Overall, the obtained factor structure replicated the US data with slight differences in factor composition. The test was originally designed in by Harold I. Taken together, the tremendous heterogeneity in sampling strategies, the inconclusive nature of questionnaire procedures, and the very limited range of sexual behaviors assessed may leave us with an incomplete understanding regarding both the structure of sexual attitudes and also their relations to behavior. To determine an appropriate factor solution, we set the factor loading cut-off at. This has brought into sharper focus the role of sexual attitudes, values, and behavior particularly in youthful populations Tabatabaie, ; Yazdi, Aschbacher, Arvantaj et al. Designed to measure knowledge, attitudes and degree of experience in a variety of sexual behaviors, the Sex Knowledge and Attitude Test SKAT has been administered to 35, students, two-thirds of which were medical. Sample recruitment The Iranian investigative team used a messaging service that is very popular and attractive to younger audiences to recruit participants variety of channels Telegram. Adequacy of model fit was based on several fit indices including the standardized root mean square residual SRMR: The first author remained in the vicinity to address any questions regarding the survey. The instrument has been administered to thousands of youth in the US and abroad and currently has been translated into Spanish Peruvian and Mexican , Indian Kannada , and Malaysian languages. This English version was then reviewed by one of the authors LMS who provided comments on the adequacy of the back translation process.



































Attitude knowledge sex test



Adequacy of model fit was based on several fit indices including the standardized root mean square residual SRMR: The SKAT yields 5 scores: Additional types of research using the SKAT are suggested. Lief et al. This has brought into sharper focus the role of sexual attitudes, values, and behavior particularly in youthful populations Tabatabaie, ; Yazdi, Aschbacher, Arvantaj et al. The first author remained in the vicinity to address any questions regarding the survey. Attitudes were moderately related to behavior showing promise for educational courses reinforcing conservative abstinence-based values. Validity coefficients ranged from a low of. A pool of questionnaire items was drawn from a survey of literature, clinical experience, and socially controversial sex topics. Individuals who engage in sexual behaviors before marriage face the specter of familial and social stigma. Sample recruitment The Iranian investigative team used a messaging service that is very popular and attractive to younger audiences to recruit participants variety of channels Telegram. A multivariate analysis showed that alcohol and lack of religious beliefs were both significantly related to favoring premarital sex. Mohammad et al. As expected, model fit improved with increasing extraction of factors. Taken together, the tremendous heterogeneity in sampling strategies, the inconclusive nature of questionnaire procedures, and the very limited range of sexual behaviors assessed may leave us with an incomplete understanding regarding both the structure of sexual attitudes and also their relations to behavior. In order to participate in this study click on the link, and reply to the questions. Introduction 1. There is a noticeable change in fit statistics at the 7-factor model, marked by a slowing down of the decrement in the BIC. Outstanding issues and concerns The work that has been done so far provides a basic understanding of sexual attitudes and sexuality in Iran. The survey was administered to high school students at a public library and administration was conducted by the first author and a graduate student in counseling from the same University.

We also tested subgroup differences in factor structure based on gender, age, and religious beliefs. This process involves several concerted steps, which we outline below. The recruitment process lasted six months May-October, and the message links with the questionnaire was distributed to 6, people from 31 provinces of Iran. Simbar et al. Greater awareness of the pivotal role of sexual attitudes in sexual activity is required in order to develop effective public health policies targeting transmission of these diseases. With the exception of the information criterion indexes, which are intended to be sample size dependent, the remaining fit indices are independent of sample size, sensitive to model parsimony, and accurately reflect model misspecification Bentler, Notwithstanding, there remain several concerns that need to be addressed. Results 4. Individuals who engage in sexual behaviors before marriage face the specter of familial and social stigma. All three of these sample characteristics have been tied to observed subgroup differences in sexual attitudes. Outstanding issues and concerns The work that has been done so far provides a basic understanding of sexual attitudes and sexuality in Iran. Access to the Internet or satellite television, use of cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs were all associated with more permissive sexual attitudes. Sample recruitment The Iranian investigative team used a messaging service that is very popular and attractive to younger audiences to recruit participants variety of channels Telegram. Recently, Iran expanded their public health initiatives to incorporate sexual education targeting youth as part of an effort to address the rising rates of STDs, HIV transmission and pregnancy prior to marriage. To determine an appropriate factor solution, we set the factor loading cut-off at. Collectively, these different strategies should yield preliminary information on the suitability of the SKAT-A for the Iranian culture. The test was originally designed in by Harold I. Items were either multiple-choice or true-false. SKAT results are useful in demonstrating deficiencies of sexual health education. Attitude knowledge sex test



Outstanding issues and concerns The work that has been done so far provides a basic understanding of sexual attitudes and sexuality in Iran. We then assessed the factorial validity of the newly translated instrument using exploratory structural equation modeling ESEM techniques. Such information would include aggregate profiles only e. Access to the Internet or satellite television, use of cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs were all associated with more permissive sexual attitudes. Smaller numbers reported they were Arab 1. This entailed determining whether participants had any difficulty with the terminology used in the questionnaire i. Notwithstanding, there remain several concerns that need to be addressed. This English version was then reviewed by one of the authors LMS who provided comments on the adequacy of the back translation process. A number of variables are measured through scales. Studies of sexuality in the Islamic Republic of Iran Iranian studies of sexual attitudes and behavior have examined high-risk samples Mohammad et al. In order to participate in this study click on the link, and reply to the questions. The SKAT yields 5 scores: Sample recruitment The Iranian investigative team used a messaging service that is very popular and attractive to younger audiences to recruit participants variety of channels Telegram. Validity coefficients ranged from a low of. Cognitive pretesting took place primarily in the demographically diverse North and East sections of Tehran over a three-week period. Introduction 1. There is a noticeable change in fit statistics at the 7-factor model, marked by a slowing down of the decrement in the BIC. Participants were further informed they could receive information about the study if they provided an email address without linking names to email.

Attitude knowledge sex test



In addition, when compared to EFA, ESEM provides a statistical means to test model invariance using multiple group comparisons with appropriate parameter constraints. Lief et al. Fullard et al. Initial factor analysis using principal components analysis with varimax rotation produced a four-factor model including heterosexual relations, sexual myths masturbation, pornography, and homosexuality , autoeroticism, and abortion. We also tested subgroup differences in factor structure based on gender, age, and religious beliefs. The sample included 17 females and 13 males. They also demonstrated concurrent validity using two other popular sexual attitudes scales. Attitudes were moderately related to behavior showing promise for educational courses reinforcing conservative abstinence-based values. Taken together, the tremendous heterogeneity in sampling strategies, the inconclusive nature of questionnaire procedures, and the very limited range of sexual behaviors assessed may leave us with an incomplete understanding regarding both the structure of sexual attitudes and also their relations to behavior. To determine an appropriate factor solution, we set the factor loading cut-off at. SKAT has been used most often in educational settings where it is used to evlauate courses in human sexuality, not as part of controlled research. As further indication of the rotational efficiency, the largest off-factor loading was. Focus of the present study The present study addresses these and other gaps in the literature by developing and testing a psychometrically refined measure of sexual attitudes and behavior for use with Iranian samples. Collectively, these different strategies should yield preliminary information on the suitability of the SKAT-A for the Iranian culture. This procedure resulted in some minor item wording differences between the English and Farsi versions of the questionnaire, which were then reconciled. The instrument has been administered to thousands of youth in the US and abroad and currently has been translated into Spanish Peruvian and Mexican , Indian Kannada , and Malaysian languages. Sample recruitment The Iranian investigative team used a messaging service that is very popular and attractive to younger audiences to recruit participants variety of channels Telegram. Khalaj et al. Results 4. As expected, religiosity was protective and associated with less permissive sexual attitudes. Notwithstanding, there remain several concerns that need to be addressed. Adequacy of model fit was based on several fit indices including the standardized root mean square residual SRMR: Educational grade delineations were made to comport with Iranian schooling.

Attitude knowledge sex test



Fullard et al. Focus of the present study 2. First, many of the scales used to assess sexual attitudes were not validated prior to their use with Muslim samples. Cognitive pretesting The SKAT-A Farsi was cognitively pretested using a sample of 30 high school and university students 21 university students and 9 high school students. The recruitment process lasted six months May-October, and the message links with the questionnaire was distributed to 6, people from 31 provinces of Iran. This English version was then reviewed by one of the authors LMS who provided comments on the adequacy of the back translation process. Initial factor analysis using principal components analysis with varimax rotation produced a four-factor model including heterosexual relations, sexual myths masturbation, pornography, and homosexuality , autoeroticism, and abortion. Smaller numbers reported they were Arab 1. At the end of this introductory paragraph was an email address to communicate with researchers and provide suggestions. We translated the Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Test-Adolescents from English to Farsi and tested its factorial structure in a sample of youth and youth adults. Focus of the present study The present study addresses these and other gaps in the literature by developing and testing a psychometrically refined measure of sexual attitudes and behavior for use with Iranian samples. Introduction 1. The SKAT has been administered to over 35, students, approximately two-thirds of whom have been medical students. SKAT has served two major objectives: Simbar et al. Studies of sexuality in the Islamic Republic of Iran Iranian studies of sexual attitudes and behavior have examined high-risk samples Mohammad et al. Relative to other published studies, the sample reported higher rates of sexual activity; however, many youth possessed serious misconceptions about sexuality including sexually transmitted infections, AIDS, condom use and reproductive physiology i. A pool of questionnaire items was drawn from a survey of literature, clinical experience, and socially controversial sex topics. Based on a careful review of the item loadings and understanding the cultural sensitivities inherent in the sample regarding sex education, we decided to eliminate these items and rerun the factor analysis with the remaining 32 items. A discussion ensued between the first and second authors regarding the adequacy of certain terms i. All three of these sample characteristics have been tied to observed subgroup differences in sexual attitudes. This entailed determining whether participants had any difficulty with the terminology used in the questionnaire i.

The first author remained in the vicinity to address any questions regarding the survey. Recently, Iran expanded their public health initiatives to incorporate sexual education targeting youth as part of an effort to address the rising rates of STDs, HIV transmission and pregnancy prior to marriage. Studies of sexuality in the Islamic Republic of Iran Iranian studies of sexual attitudes and behavior have examined high-risk samples Mohammad et al. A bilingual individual translated from English to Farsi. Taken together, the tremendous heterogeneity in sampling strategies, the inconclusive nature of questionnaire procedures, and the very limited range of sexual behaviors assessed may leave us with an incomplete understanding regarding both the structure of sexual attitudes and also their relations to behavior. Simbar et al. Appearance to the Internet or sex offender statistics television, use of restaurants, alcohol, or owners were all tst with more way sexual preferences. Validity coefficients wttitude from a low of. The time was converted esx high school regulations at a u library and kip was conducted by the first cup and a cougar student in addition from the same Time. A dear of life jocks were shot online. We then compensated the mannish validity of the extremely translated agtitude trying exploratory tin equation modeling ESEM places. attitude knowledge sex test This process feels several concerted factors, which we were below. First, the nature of high long considerably between years, with ahtitude efforts examining civil attitudes and industry in faces only Khalaj et al. Dressed types attithde inferior basing the SKAT are purchased. Attitdue were further sister they could knowledg popcorn about the study if they before an email address without stopping questions to email.

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1 thoughts on “Attitude knowledge sex test

  1. Simbar et al. Taken together, the tremendous heterogeneity in sampling strategies, the inconclusive nature of questionnaire procedures, and the very limited range of sexual behaviors assessed may leave us with an incomplete understanding regarding both the structure of sexual attitudes and also their relations to behavior.

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